Decision making is complex and challenging. It involves the ability to discern between what is right or wrong, and then, having made a decision, being able to justify it. For some people, this comes naturally, while others are much more indecisive.
It can be a frustrating process to decide which careers suit you and which don’t. In fact, it’s often the most time-consuming part of the job search.
It is good to be confident in making the right decisions. Making a decision quickly and confidently may save you a lot of time and stress..
There is a way for everyone to take steps to be better decision-makers. If you’re looking to become more effective in your decision-making, you should incorporate these nine daily living habits into your daily routine.
1. Be aware of your overconfidence
The overconfidence can cause your judgment to go off the rails. Studies show that people overestimate their abilities and the accuracy of their information.
Overconfidence is the biggest cause of making poor decisions.
Perhaps you’re 100% certain you know the address of the office at the moment you’re there. Perhaps you’re 80 percent certain that you’ll be able to convince your boss to get a loan. If you’re confident in those things, you’re likely to fail.
It’s important to evaluate your confidence level in terms of managing time. Many people underestimate the amount they can accomplish in a given period.
Do you believe it will take just one hour to complete that report? Are you confident that you’ll be able to pay your online bill in just 30 minutes? You may be too confident about your predictions.
Every day, take the time to assess the odds of success. Look over your estimations. Are you as precise as you believed?
Good decision-makers can spot areas of their lives in which the overconfidence of their lives could cause problems. They then adjust their thinking and behavior to reflect this.
2. Know the risks you take
Comfort is a result of familiarity. There’s a high chance you’ll make a few poor decisions because you’ve become accustomed to your routine and aren’t thinking about the danger you’re in or the damage you’re creating.
For instance, you may be speeding to work each day. Every time you make it to work without a ticket for speeding, you’ll become more comfortable driving faster. However, you’re putting at risk your safety and taking on a legal risk.
Perhaps you consume fast food at lunchtime each day. As long as you don’t show any obvious signs of poor health, it’s unlikely that you consider it an issue. However, over time, you might be overweight or suffer from other health problems due to it.
Find habits that are now normal. They’re things that need very little effort since they’re automatic. Take some time to consider the ones that could be harmful or unhealthy and develop a plan to create healthier habits for your daily life.
3. Frame Your Problems in a Different way
How you ask an issue or question is a significant factor in how you’ll answer and feel about your chances of being successful.
Think of two doctors. One surgeon informs his patients, “Ninety percent of people who undergo this procedure live.” Another surgeon states, “Ten percent of people who undergo this procedure die.”
The statistics are the same. However, research suggests that people who are told “10 percent of people die” consider their chance higher.
When faced with a decision, think about framing the problem differently. Consider for a moment whether the slight shift in the way you frame your argument affects the way you perceive the problem.
4. Stop thinking about the issue
If you’re faced with a decision, for example, whether to relocate to a new location or change your career, you may be spending a lot of time contemplating your pros and cons or the possibility of rewards and risks.
Although research suggests there’s plenty to gain from thinking about your choices, thinking too much about your choices could lead to a dilemma. In the process of weighing your options against their pros, too long can raise your stress levels until you are unable to decide.
There’ are a lot of benefits to letting an idea “incubate.” Non-conscious thinking is quite tricky. Consider the possibility of sleeping on a subject.
You can also engage with an activity that distracts your mind from the problem. Your brain will be able to work through issues in the background, and you’ll be able to come up with clarified solutions.
5. Take Time to Reflect on your mistakes
If you went out without an umbrella and ended up getting wet on the journey to work, or you broke your budget because you could not resist buying something on impulse, take the time to review your mistakes.
It is a good idea to make it a habit to reflect on your decisions during the day. If your choices don’t work out the way you want, think about what was wrong. Learn from the mistakes to be learned from every mistake you make.
Make sure not to be able to dwell on your mistake for long. Reliving your mistakes repeatedly isn’t healthy for your mental health.
Limit your time for reflection. Perhaps 10 minutes a day is enough to allow you to reflect on what you could improve tomorrow. Take the knowledge you’ve gathered and make better choices moving ahead.
6. Recognize Your Shortcuts
While it may be somewhat uncomfortable to admit it, you’re biased in certain ways. It isn’t easy to be 100% impartial.
In reality, your brain has developed mental shortcuts, referred to by the name of heuristics — that aid you in making choices faster. While these mental shortcuts will keep you from slaving away for hours on every decision you have to make, they may hinder your decision-making.
For instance, the accessibility heuristic, such as it is, relies on the use of examples and data that instantly spring into your mind. Therefore, if you regularly watch news reports that focus on fires in homes, you’re more likely to underestimate the likelihood of experiencing a fire.
If you’ve been watching lots of news reports concerning plane crashes, you might believe that your odds of being killed in a plane crash are greater than those of the possibility of dying in a car crash (even though the statistics prove that the opposite is true).
Create a daily habit to think about your mental shortcuts, leading to poor decisions. Be aware of the false assumptions you might make about events or people, and you could be able to be slightly more impartial.
7. Take a look at the opposite
If you’ve determined that the truth is in your eyes, you will probably cling to your conviction. It’s a psychological phenomenon called belief perseverance. It requires more convincing evidence to alter the belief as it took to invent it. There’s a high likelihood that you’ve cultivated beliefs that aren’t serving you in the best way.
As an example, you could believe that you’re not a great public speaker, which is why you stay away from speaking in meetings. You might also think you’re bad at relationships, which is why you avoid going out on dates.
There are also beliefs you have regarding certain groups of people. You might believe “People who work out a lot are narcissists,” or “Rich people are evil.”
Your beliefs that you think are always correct or 100% accurate could hinder. The best method to challenge those beliefs is to challenge against them.
If you’re convinced that you shouldn’t be speaking up at a meeting, discuss all the reasons why you shouldn’t. If you think that wealthy people aren’t good, write down why rich people might be nice or helpful.
Consider the opposite to help break up negative beliefs so that you can see the situation from a different angle and then decide to behave differently.
8. Label Your Emotions
People are more likely to use phrases such as “I have butterflies in my stomach,” or “I had a lump in my throat,” rather than using words that express emotion like nervousness or sadness for describing their state of mind.
A lot of adults aren’t confident about sharing their emotions. However, the process of naming your emotions could be the key to making better decisions.
Your emotions play a significant influence on the decisions you make. Studies always show that anxiety leads people to take a risk. We can see the effects of anxiety from one part of a person’s life to the next.
So if you’re anxious regarding the loan application that you recently submitted, you may not be as likely to ask someone to go out for a drink because you’ll be hesitant to think it’s too risky.
It’s a good idea to make it a habit to write down your feelings. Consider how you feel. Are you unhappy, angry, ashamed, or anxious? Take a moment to reflect on how your feelings could be impacting your choices.
9. Talk to yourself like an Authentic Friend
When you’re faced with a difficult decision, think about “What would I say to a friend who had this problem?” You’ll discover the answer to you faster when you’re contemplating offering advice to somebody else.
Talking to yourself as an experienced friend can take some of the emotions out of the decision. It can help you take some distance from your decision and give you the chance to be a bit more impartial.
It can also assist you to be gentler about yourself. While you might be prone to tell negative things about yourself, such as “This won’t work. It’s impossible to do it. That’s right.” It’s likely that there’s some possibility that you wouldn’t tell the same thing to a friend. Maybe you’d say something such as, “You’ve got this. I’m sure you’ll be able to accomplish this,” if you were talking to a person.
Making good decisions is a critical skill that all people need to master. When you make the right decision at the right time, it can change your life for the better. However, making bad decisions can lead to bad consequences. By following these simple habits, you will be able to become a better decision maker and avoid common mistakes that many people make when they are trying to make an important choice.
Whether you want to make better health choices, or you need to be a more prudent spender, practicing these simple habits can help you achieve your goals. So why not give them a try?